Quick Data on Svalbard
|Short Name||Svalbard (sometimes referred to as Spitsbergen, the largest island in the archipelago)|
|Total Area||62,045 sq km|
Geography of Svalbard
As a country in Europe, with coordinates at 78 00 N, 20 00 E, Svalbard neighbors n/a. The terrain in Svalbard is described as rugged mountains; much of the upland areas are ice covered; west coast clear of ice about half the year; fjords along west and north coasts, with an average elevation point of n/a. The climate of Svalbard: arctic, tempered by warm North Atlantic Current; cool summers, cold winters; North Atlantic Current flows along west and north coasts of Spitsbergen, keeping water open and navigable most of the year.
|Surface Total||62,045 sq km|
|Land Surface||62,045 sq km|
|Water Surface||0 sq km|
|Land Boundaries||0 km|
|Lowest Elevation Point||n/a|
|Highest Elevation Point||Newtontoppen 1,717 m|
Resources of Svalbard
The country enjoys many types of natural resources, with the main ones being coal, iron ore, copper, zinc, phosphate, wildlife, fish. The agricultural land occupies 0.00% of Svalbard, while the land covered with forests is estimated at 0.00%.
|Percent of Total Land||Surface Sq km||Data|
|Agricultural Land||0.00%||0 sq km||2011 est.|
|Irrigated Land||n/a sq km||n/a|
|Forest Land||0.00%||0 sq km||2011 est.|
|Other Land||100.00%||62,045 sq km||2011 est.|
Population of Svalbard
The population of the country is estimated at 2,926 people, with the biggest urban area having n/a. Known as n/a, the people from Svalbard come from diversified ethnic groups such as Norwegian 58%, foreign population 42% (consists primarily of Russians, Thais, Swedes, Filipinos, and Ukrainians) (2019 est.). The official language is Norwegian, Russian. Religions: n/a.
|Official Language||Norwegian, Russian|
|Other Languages||Norwegian, Russian|
|Birth Rate||n/a births / 1000 population (n/a)|
|Death Rate||n/a deaths / 1000 population (n/a)|
|Urban Population||n/a of total population (n/a)|
|Physicians Density||n/a physicians/1,000 population (n/a)|
|Hospital Beds Density||n/a beds/1,000 population (n/a)|
Governing Type of Svalbard
Svalbard is a non-self-governing territory of Norway. The legal system makes use of the laws of Norway where applicable apply; only the laws of Norway made explicitly applicable to Svalbard have effect there; the Svalbard Act and the Svalbard Environmental Protection Act, and certain regulations, apply only to Svalbard; the Spitsbergen Treaty and the Svalbard Treaty grant certain rights to citizens and corporations of signatory nations; as of June 2017, 45 nations had ratified the Svalbard Treaty.
|Governing Type||non-self-governing territory of Norway|
|Citizenship by Birth||see Norway|
|Citizenship by Descent||n/a|
|Residency Requirement for Naturalization||n/a|
Economy of Svalbard
From a population total of 2,926, the labor force is 1,590 (2013). The main products in agriculture are: n/a. Among the main industries considerable for the economy are: n/a. Its exports cover n/a. The main import products are: n/a.
|GDP / Capita||n/a|
|Internet Penetration Rate||n/a (n/a)|
For latest imports and exports data we recommend checking the website for the National Bank of Svalbard, statistics sectio